The Eiffel Tower was made for the Universal Exposition of 1889, which was a huge international fair that was intended to show off France’s achievements to the world. There were actually dozens of other big sculptures and buildings created, but the Eiffel Tower was the only one to remain. It was designed by Gustave Eiffel, and stands over 100 stories tall. It took over 7,000 tons of steel to build, and cost over a million dollars, which was a lot of money back then! While thousands of tourists visit it every year, the tower also has a more useful function: it’s used to broadcast television programs.