On March 16, 1621, an Abnaki Indian named Samoset entered the Plymouth settlement. He welcomed the Pilgrims in English, and the next day returned with another Native American named Squanto, who spoke English well. With Squanto’s help, the Pilgrims were able to survive in the New World. He taught them how to get sap out of the maple trees, how to avoid plants that were poisonous and how to plant corn and other crops.
The October harvest was very successful, due in large part to help from the Native Americans. The Pilgrims had enough food for the winter and had learned how to survive in the New World.
After the harvest crops were gathered in November 1623, Governor William Bradford of the 1620 Pilgrim Colony, “Plymouth Plantation” in Plymouth, Massachusetts, decided to have a celebratory feast, proclaimed:
“All ye Pilgrims with your wives and little ones, do gather at the Meeting House, on the hill… there to listen to the pastor, and render Thanksgiving to the Almighty God for all His blessings.”
The governor invite the Native Americans to take part. Native Americans brought food as well, and the celebration lasted for three days. Historians believe that this celebration took place sometime in October.